- Social Initiation Rationale
The Social Initiation rationale sees that the primary purpose of social studies is to initiate students into society by transmitting the understandings, abilities and values that students will require if they are to fit into and be productive members of society.
- Social Reformation Rationale
This rationale sees the primary purpose of social studies is to empower students with the understandings, abilities and values necessary to improve or transform their society.
- Personal Development Rationale:
This rationale sees the primary purpose of social studies is to help students develop fully as individuals and as social beings. Its direct purpose is neither to reform society nor maintain status quo, but to foster the personal talents and character of each student.
- Academic Understanding:
This rationale sees the primary purpose of social studies is to introduce students to the bodies of knowledge and the forms of inquiry represented in the social science disciplines…the prime justification of this rationale is the value of understanding the structure and content of the social sciences.